Photo courtesy of Hermes Records

Sound & Visual Media


- WeTransfer Presents Fiore & Bilic: Sounds of Tehran

A short film which follows Tehran-based sound artist Nesa and captures her experiences in the creative world, as well as the way she navigates her city.

Soundscapes of Gates of Tehran

Sound artist: Vedad Famourzadeh 

- 'Tehranscape' 


Writing on Tehran Sounds


Shima Bach and Ehsan Dorostkar2017. ‘Making the Soundscape Map of the City Using the Grounded Theory and Nvivo Application (Case Study: The District 12 of Tehran)’, Journal of Environmental Studies, 43(2): 267-284.

- Lauren Braithwaite. 2016. The Soundtrack to Mar Bazi: Automobile Protests in the Islamic Republic of Iran. MST Dissertation, University of Oxford.

- Ja‘fari-Harandi, Minâ. 2016. 'Yek Gune-ye Tāzeh Motevalled Shode-ye Musiqi-ye Khiâbâni dar Tehrân' ('A Newborn Street Music in Tehran"'), 

Mahoor Music Quarterly, 70: 89-116.

Roshanak Kheshti. 2012. ‘Rallying Cries as Suffering Sounds: “Allah-O-Akbar” and the Aurality of Feminized Iranian Suffering’, Sounding Out!

Roshanak Kheshti. 2015. ‘On the Threshold of the Political: The Sonic Performativity of Rooftop Chanting in Iran’, Radical History Review, 2015 (121): 51-70.

- Laudan Nooshin. 1999.  ‘From Prayers at Dawn to Techno in the Park: Iran's Changing Soundscapes’. Conference paper presented at the 15th Annual Meeting of the European Seminar in Ethnomusicology. 12-15 November, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.


Laudan Nooshin. 2016. ‘Sounding the City: Tehran’s Contemporary Soundscapes’, The Middle East in London magazine, volume 12(2): 5-6.

Mahsa Pakravan. 2016. Soundscape, Sonic Experience, and Sonic memory in Iran: Jewish and Muslim Cultural Identity in Udlajan, Tehran. PhD, University of Alberta.

Mahsa Pakravan. 2017. ‘Soundscape and Sonic Memory: Dynamics of Jewish and Muslim Day-to-day Social Interactions in Udlajan, Tehran’, Sound Studies 3(2): 134-51.


Pouyan Shahabian and Sayedeh Larimiyan. 2017. Survey on Soundscape on Valiasr Street in Tehran with Emphasis on a Human Perception’, Journal of Architecture, Urban Design and Urban Planning, 9(17):237-48. In Persian (abstract in English).


Mohsen Shahrnazdarصدای شهر؛ صدای تهران ('Sounds of the City; Sounds of Tehran')

Nahid Siamdoust. 2015. ‘Tehran’s Soundscape as a Contested Public Sphere : Blurring the lines between Public and Private', Divercities Competing Narrative and Urban Practices in Beirut, Cairo and Tehran(conference proceedings). Orient-Institut Beirut.

Mohammad Hossein Tamjidi and Zeinab Loftalikhani. 2015. ‘Feasibility Study of Creating Audio Tourism with Emphasis on Urban Sounds. Case Study in Three Cities: Tehran, Mashhad and Isfahan’, International Journal of Cultural and Digital Tourism, Volume 1(1): 70-82.

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Tajrish birds
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Urban Space and Place in Iran

- R. Alishahi, A.R. Sadeghi and M. Sholeh. 2021. ‘Soundscape Assessment in Historical Urban Spaces Using Sound Walk Method and Kano Model’, International Journal of Human Capital in Urban Management, 6(1): 11-28. 

- Asef Bayat. 2010. ‘Tehran: Paradox City’, New Left Review, 66:99-122.

Kristin Soraya Batmanghelichi. 2015. ‘Red Lights in Parks: A Social History of Park-e Razi’, Divercities: Competing Narratives and Urban Practices in Beirut, Cairo and  Tehran (conference proceedings). Orient-Institut Beirut.

Delaram Ghanimifard. 2015. Representation of Power Relation in Public Sapces in Tehran: Azadi Square and Beheshte Zahra Cemetary. MPhil. City University London.

Vali Mahlouji. ‘Archaeology of the Final Decade. Re-creating Shahr-e No: The Intimate Politics of the Marginal’, Iran: Unedited History 1960-2014, pages 216-218.

- Asma Mehan. 2017. ‘Manifestation of Power: Toopkhaneh Square, Tehran’, Spaces & Flows: International Conference on Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, 8(2):77-88.

- Reza Masoudi. 2018. The Rite of Urban Passage: The Spatial Ritualization of Iranian Urban Transformation. Berghan Books.


- Hussain Nazmfar, Ahmad Aftab, Ata Ghafari Gilandeh, Mirnajaf Mousavi. 2018. ‘Key Factors Influencing the Planning of a Creative City (Case Study: Urmia)’, Geographical Urban Planning Research, 6(1).

- Musa Pazhuhan, Keramotolah Zayyari, Behnam Ghasemzadeh and Hamid Ghorbani. 2015. ‘Urban Identity and Iranian New Towns’, Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis, 7(1): 83-100.

- Alex Shams. 2015. ‘Urban Space and the Production of Gender in Modern Iran’, The Funambulist Papers, Volume 7.

History of Tehran


- Bahram Beygai. 1977. Tehran: An Urban Analysis. Tehran.

- Eckart Ehlers and Willem Floor. 1993. ‘Urban Change in Iran, 1920-1941’, Iranian Studies, 26 (3-4): 251-75.

- Ali Madanipour. 1998. Tehran: The Making of a Metropolis. Wiley.

- Mina Marefat.1988. Building to Power: Architecture of Tehran, 1921-1941. PhD Thesis, MIT.

- Tehran Map Museum